A list of coffee words
Let’s set aside our mugs and cups to take a look a list of coffee words that any self-respecting java lover should know. Always confused by what all those names on the chalkboard behind the counter mean? Then look no further! Coffee words will be a mystery no more:
Americano or café Americano: a drink of espresso coffee diluted with hot water.
Arabica: mild-flavoured, high-quality coffee obtained from beans of the Coffea arabicai tree (the most widely grown coffee plant).
Biggin or coffee biggin: A type of coffee pot containing a strainer, through which coffee infuses without mixing with the water. Named after its inventor, George Biggin.
Caffeic: of or pertaining to coffee. The term is chiefly used in chemistry.
Cortado: a drink of espresso coffee with a small amount of steamed milk, from the Spanish cortado, literally ‘cut coffee’, from cortar ‘to cut’.
Demitasse: a small coffee-cup or its contents.
Drip or dripped coffee: coffee prepared by allowing boiling water to percolate through ground coffee.
Espresso or caffè espresso: a type of strong black coffee made by forcing steam through ground coffee beans.
Espresso macchiato: espresso coffee served with a very small amount of hot or foamed milk.
Espresso ristretto: strong concentrated espresso.
Flat white: a type of coffee made with espresso and hot steamed milk, but without the froth characteristic of a cappuccino.
Gaelic coffee: coffee served with cream and whisky.
Gloria: the French name for coffee with brandy or rum.
Irish coffee: coffee mixed with a dash of Irish whiskey and served with cream on top.
Latte or caffè latte: a type of coffee made with espresso and hot steamed milk.
Macchiato or caffè macchiato: coffee (usually espresso) with a dash of frothy steamed milk, from the Italian macchiare (‘to stain’).
Mazagran: iced black coffee laced with brandy or rum, traditionally served in an earthenware goblet and drunk through a straw.
Mélange: coffee served with whipped cream or hot milk, from the French mélange, from mêler ‘to mix’.
Mochaccino: cappuccino coffee containing chocolate syrup or chocolate flavouring.
Mysore: coffee produced in and around the state of Karnataka (formerly Mysore) in southern India.
Napoletana: a type of metal stove-top coffee pot with three sections one on top of another.
Ristretto or caffè ristretto: a drink of very strong, concentrated espresso, from the Italian restringere (‘to squeeze, tighten, to concentrate).
Schlagobers: coffee with whipped cream, from German schlagen ‘to beat’ + obers ‘cream’.
Sergeant-major: military slang for coffee with cream or milk and sugar.
Skilly: an insipid beverage of tea or coffee, chiefly nautical slang and an abbreviation of skilligalee (probably a purely fanciful formation). (Also used to mean ‘thin broth’.)
Zarf/zurf: a cup-shaped holder for a hot coffee-cup, used in the Levant, usually of metal and of ornamental design, from the Arabic for ‘vessel’.